Final Project: Biopsychological Analysis of a Neuropsychological Disorder
In your Final Project, you will synthesize an overview of the  major theories relating to the pathology of a disorder as well as  provide a detailed discussion of the etiology (causes) and clinical  interventions, using research to support your analysis.  Your topic will  be the neuropsychological disorder that was selected and approved by  the instructor in your Week One assignment, and for which you provided  an outline in the Week Two assignment.

In keeping  with the focus of this class, the emphasis of your paper will be on the  neuroscience aspects of the disorder, to include:

Theories of etiology (causes)
Associated factors in development of the disorder (genetic, environmental, familial, lifestyle)
Pathology (abnormalities of physical structure and function, including genetic and biochemical aspects)
Treatment options (pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic, with rationales for use based on current understanding of the disorder)
Diagnostic and research technologies employed in clinical diagnosis, care, and basic science research

Your research will include a minimum of six to eight  peer-reviewed sources, which provide evidence-based information  regarding the biological and psychological features of the disorder and  were published within the last five years. At least four of your  references should be peer-reviewed publications of original research  studies. To justify your assertions, provide in-text citations for all  factual statements taken from your research, with corresponding  references drawn from scholarly sources.  All citations and sources are  to be documented according to APA style, as outlined in the Ashford  Writing Center, and should support and enhance your analysis of the  selected disorder. Sources may include review articles, original  research articles, information from government agencies (e.g., National  Institutes of Health, Centers for Disease Control, Food and Drug  Administration, Drug Enforcement Administration) or professional  societies (e.g., professional society position papers or clinical  practice guidelines).

Final Project- Components

Section I:  Introduction

This  section should provide a general introduction to the topic as well as  an overview of the background and history of the disorder. Further, it  should provide a succinct thesis statement of the purpose and overall  direction of the paper.  For instance, if your paper will have a large  focus on the role of particular neurotransmitters in the etiology of the  disorder as a rationale for treatment options, you should indicate this  in the introduction. Finally, this section should provide demographic  data that indicates the prevalence of the disorder in both general and  specific populations.

Specific required components of the Introduction:

Succinct thesis statement (one or more sentences detailing the focus  of your Final Project and informing the reader about your topic and the  scope of your paper)
Define the type of disorder


Diagnostic criteria

What components must be present for the disorder to be diagnosed?
Include physical and psychological signs and symptoms.

Reason(s) why you chose this topic

Personal experience
Professional experience
Other reason


Who is affected?
Are they young/old?

Section II: Discussion

This section  should make up the majority of the Final Project in terms of size.  Here, you will expand upon the main aspects of the disorder and provide  details relating to the disorder and its management. This section should  provide specific and detailed information (Reminder: All statements of  fact require an in-text citation).   Cited/referenced sources should be  used to support your analysis of the components of the discussion.

Specific required components of the Discussion section:

Detailed description of the disorder

Signs and symptoms
Any subtypes of the disorder

Detailed description of the natural history of the disorder

How the disorder develops over time with treatment
How the disorder develops over time without treatment

Methods used to diagnose, evaluate, and manage the disorder

Initial diagnosis (e.g., physical exam, imaging and/or laboratory  testing, special studies, psychological evaluation, psychometric  testing)
Ongoing management (e.g., physical exam, imaging and/or laboratory  testing, special studies, psychological evaluation, psychometric  testing)

Risk factors

Environmental factors

Other causative factors


Nervous system structures and/or pathways involved in the disorder  (detailed information regarding the underlying pathology as it applies  to these structures and functional pathways)
Neurotransmitter(s) and receptor system(s) involved in the pathology of the disorder
Current treatment options

Drug (pharmacologic) therapies
Nonpharmacologic therapies (including psychological and other therapeutic services)
Type of care providers (e.g., medical, nursing, therapists)
Type of healthcare setting (e.g., hospital, home, outpatient, nursing facility)

Future areas of research

Treatment options
Evaluation and diagnostic methods for initial diagnosis
Increasing knowledge relating to etiology and pathologic processes

Section III: Conclusion

Provide a  concluding summary of your findings regarding your selected disorder.  The conclusion is a summarization of information that has already been  presented.  Typically, if you mention something in the conclusion  section of an academic paper, you should have already mentioned this  aspect of the topic earlier in the paper.

Specific required components of the Conclusion section:

The conclusion reaffirms your initial thesis statement.
The conclusion may be one or more paragraphs. Use the material you  have discussed in the paper to support the validity of your synthesis  and elaborate on the theme of your paper.

Writing the Final Project
The Final Project:

Must be 10 to 12 double-spaced pages in length, and formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.
Must include a title page with the following:

Title of paper
Student’s name
Course name and number
Instructor’s name
Date submitted

Must begin with an introductory paragraph that has a succinct thesis statement.
Must address the topic of the paper with critical thought.
Must include section headings, formatted according to APA style, to  organize your paper. Each paragraph must have a minimum of three full  sentences.
Must include in-text citations for all statements of facts obtained through your research.

Remember that direct quotes (identical phrases or sentences taken  from a source) require in-text citations with appropriate formatting.
Statements of opinion should be clearly stated as such, and include a  rationale to support why you hold this opinion (e.g., personal or  professional experience, your research findings).

Must end with a conclusion that reaffirms your thesis.
Must use at least six to eight scholarly sources that were published  within the last five years, including a minimum of four peer-reviewed  original research studies.

In general, dictionaries and encyclopedias are not considered appropriate resources for academic writing.

Must document all sources in APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.
Must include a separate reference page, formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.

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