An attorney refers many clients to you for psychological evaluations. A close friend of yours has retained this attorney, who refers your friend to you for a very important psychological evaluation.

Assignment                     13
Begin Final Exam
The final exam is composed of 10 brief scenarios that are based on your reading of the text and laws and ethics of psychologists. Culture must be considered in your responses when relevant. You may bring outside resources on culture to enhance your responses, along with the course text and notes.

You will be required to briefly respond to all scenarios in approx. ½ page per scenario, identifying the legal and ethical issues you see specific to the situations presented. Assignment must be typed double-spaced, in APA style, and written at graduate level English.

You must integrate the material presented in the text as well as the APA Code of Ethics or other material that you use in your responses.  Cite your work according to APA format.

Your assignment must be no more than 7 pages total plus a title and reference page

Due Week 8

For each of the scenarios below:
A.  Respond by exploring your countertransference issue(s).
B.  State what you decide to do.
C.  Justify your decision by citing the text, ethics code or other sources you use (remember to reference all work in APA format)

1. An attorney refers many clients to you for psychological evaluations. A close friend of yours has retained this attorney, who refers your friend to you for a very important psychological evaluation.  The attorney tells your friend that you are the “best” and the “best” is needed in this case.  You are strongly encouraged by both the attorney and your friend to do the evaluation.
2. You have an Asian-American client who has adjusted a very busy schedule in order to be able to attend therapy sessions. You cancel a session to attend a funeral for a family member.  The client becomes irate and demands to be told the reason why you cancelled.

3. The partner of a client who you have been treating for severe depression and suicidal ideation sends a letter to you. Should you open and read it?

4. You have worked for several years with a African-American man who has a history of rejection by women.  He has worked through many issues and finally has a suitable and loving relationship. He is very grateful to you and strongly encourages you to attend the wedding.
a. If you decide not to attend, how would you address this with your client?
b. If you decide to attend, how would you address this with your client and at the wedding?

5. A gay client has a terminal disease and he has decided to stop treatment and all “heroic” measures. While not mentioning suicide, he has disclosed looking into “options” to alleviate his suffering.

6. You treated a Native American male for alcohol use and abuse several years ago. When you and some friends go to a casino for a weekend, you encounter this person who tells you and your friends that he now has a good job at the casino thanks to the work he has done with you.  When you go to check out, you are told that your room and dining expenses have been “comp’d.”
7. A Latino female client reports sexual abuse by another therapist.  When you encourage her to report this, she indicates that she wants you to do this, as she does not want to get the other therapist in trouble.

8. A fragile female client who believes that she has made great progress would like to enter a training program to become a mental health professional. The client wants you to write a letter supporting her entrance into a training program. You are not sure she is sufficiently mentally healthy to work as a professional.

9. You have a private practice and teach graduate students who are studying to become mental health professionals. You are approached by a student in the last class in the program with a request to begin individual therapy with you.

10. You have worked with a client who is a fellow professional. You both agree that you have much in common.  The client has made excellent progress, and has terminated therapy. What should you do when, shortly after treatment has terminated, the client calls and suggests that you purchase season tickets for a series of theatrical performances?
Needs Turn it in Report

 

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crises that occur in development based on Erickson’s theory and utilize this understanding to apply this theory to your own development.

In this assignment, you will gain an understanding of the crises that occur in development based on Erickson’s theory and utilize this understanding to apply this theory to your own development.

Erickson’s theory looks at development throughout life in a series of stages, and each stage identifies a crisis that occurs in life.

Based on your age, which stage of development does the theory predict you are currently facing? It is important to note that everyone’s development is unique and may not fall into this stage theory. You may feel that the previous stage or the next stage better explains your developmental process.

Write a 700- to 1,050-word paper discussing the stage of psychosocial development you are currently experiencing. Use the following questions to help direct you:

  • Where does the theory place you in the life stages?
  • Is this stage an accurate reflection of your current life stage? Do you believe that there is congruence between the developmental tasks and psychosocial crisis and your current life circumstances?
  • If so, briefly discuss the developmental tasks and the psychosocial crisis with which you are currently engaged. If not, what stage better addresses your life stage? What is the crisis being worked through in this stage?
  • Looking at your own career development and job satisfaction at your current or previous places of employment, analyze elements that have contributed to your current status based on your gender and cultural background.

Format your paper according to APA guidelines.

Click the Assignment Files tab to submit your assignment.

 

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In the U.S., a psychologist cannot deny that different cultures (including ethnicity, age, gender, religion, and sexual affiliation) play a role in personality development.

Assignment 2: —Reflection

In the U.S., a psychologist cannot deny that different cultures (including ethnicity, age, gender, religion, and sexual affiliation) play a role in personality development.

Consider all you have learned throughout this course as well as how your culture has shaped your personality development. Use the Internet, Argosy University library resources, and your textbook to research the effects that cultures can play on personality development. Answer the following questions:

  • What aspects of your cultural upbringing have affected your own personality development?
  • Think about a friend who grew up in a different culture—how did their cultural upbringing and traditions affect their personality development in a way that differed from your upbringing?
  • Considering everything you have learned in this course, how would you now analyze your own personality? Relate this to the theories of personality development that apply in your case. How will you use these new competencies in your work and personal life?

Write your initial response in 4–5 paragraphs. Apply APA standards to citation of sources, and use vocabulary that reflects your understanding of the concepts covered throughout the course.

2

“Scientific evidence and pseudoscientific beliefs.”  (2000words)

Include one of the pseudoscientific beliefs on astrology/horoscope as one of the pointer

Structure requirement of a Literature Review.

APA format ONLY academic sources can be used.

NO PLAGIARISM. Must provide turnitin report

 

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Do you think therapists should focus on becoming an expert in one particular counseling approach or should they try to become proficient in more than one approach?

Integrating Theories

In this course, we have studied various approaches to therapy and explored the utility of each orientation with reference to the client.  For this assignment, take the perspective of a therapist working with clients. This will help you honestly assess your own development and more objectively evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of using an integrative approach to counseling. Answer each of the following questions thoroughly and provide examples where requested to substantiate your points.

  1. Do you think therapists should focus on becoming an expert in one particular counseling approach or should they try to become proficient in more than one approach? Provide an explanation for your answer and illustrate them with examples.
  2. Identify what the three most important characteristics of a successful counselor you consider to be. Describe how these characteristics can be developed or strengthened?
  3. Identify and describe some of the characteristics (from question 2) that are best developed in the counseling process with clients?  Support your points with examples? Identify and describe some areas of personal or professional development that would potentially be unethical for the counselor to develop in the counseling process with clients? Explain your rationale in detail and give examples.
  4. What are some of your own personal motivations and characteristics that may help or hinder you as a counselor (identify at least two)?
  5. What areas of your own personal and professional development need the most development before you will feel prepared to be an effective counselor (identify at least three)?
  6. What are two advantages and two disadvantages of practicing within the framework of one specific theory as opposed to developing a more integrative approach consisting of several therapies? Give a detailed description and rationale for both sides.
  7. What are the advantages and disadvantages of practicing within an integrated framework?
  8. Explain at least two techniques you would use in your treatment and describe how you would integrate these techniques in a therapy session.

Your paper should be double-spaced and in 12 point, Times New Roman font with normal one-inch margins, written in APA style, and free of typographical and grammatical errors. It should include a title page with a running head, an abstract and a reference page. The body of the paper should be no less than 5 and no longer than 8 pages in length.

 

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Substance Abuse Assessments

Substance Abuse Assessments Across the Lifespan

Substance abuse assessments have very different purposes for different populations. For instance, an assessment for treatment of victims will look different from a court-mandated assessment relating to criminal behavior. For another example, an assessment for an adolescent would likely emphasize peer influence more so than it would for an adult. These demographic factors significantly influence the assessment as it relates to treatment planning or other recommendations.

Use the module readings and the Argosy University online library resources to research types of substance abuse assessments for different demographics.

Select three substance abuse assessments for use in this assignment. Your choices should represent three different age populations such as the elderly, adults, adolescents, or children.

Review the American Society of Addiction Medicine (ASAM) patient placement criteria for the treatment of substance-related disorders at the following:

  • Mee-Lee, D. (2005). Overview of the ASAM patient placement criteria, second edition revised (ASAM PPC-2R). Substance Abuse & Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). Retrieved from
    https://www1.maine.gov/dhhs/oms/provider/pnmi/documents/ASAM-presentation-Dr-Lee.pdf
  • Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Center for Substance Abuse Treatment. (2001). KAP KEYS Based on TIP 13: The role and current status of patient placement criteria in the treatment of substance use disorders. Retrieved from
    http://integratedrecovery.org/wp-content/uploads/2010/08/TIP13-KAP.Keys_.pdf

Complete the following:

  1. Describe the ASAM patient placement criteria for the treatment of substance-related disorders.
  2. Describe the three selected types of substance abuse assessments that you might use. Be sure that your choices represent three different age populations such as the elderly, adults, adolescents, or children.
  3. Compare and contrast the information being collected in each of the three assessments and describe the areas of concern. Ask, for example, does it include client presentation and functioning, current use and history, high-risk behavior, first exposure, consequences of addiction, culture, life skills, work, vocation, education, health, recreation, or spirituality? Present the comparison of the three types of substance abuse assessments in a table.
  4. Explain special considerations, including ethical issues, which would apply to the different populations selected.
  5. Evaluate the importance of having assessment tools for clients in each developmental life stage.

Create an 8–10 slide PowerPoint presentation to present your findings to other substance abuse counselors. Include the table comparing the three types of substance abuse assessments. Apply APA standards to citation of sources in your slides. Use the speaker notes in the slide show to further discuss the topics on each slide. In addition, make sure you have a title slide and a slide with references (in APA format).

 

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Describe what is meant by “scope of practice,” going beyond a simple definition to analyze how it impacts the relationships between different subfields of psychology.

Ethics Code(3-13-18)

When discussing the various subfields of applied psychology, we will often refer to the terms “scope of practice” and “competency.” In this three- to four-page paper (about 1,050-1,400 words, excluding title page and references):

1. Describe what is meant by “scope of practice,” going beyond a simple definition to analyze how it impacts the relationships between different subfields of psychology.

2. Describe the importance of competency and competency benchmarks, analyzing their role in defining the differences between students, interns, and professionals in the various subfields of psychology.

3. Compare and contrast the APA and ACA ethical codes and credentialing guidelines, and then analyze the reasons behind their commonalities and differences. Does scope of practice and competency benchmarks inform or explain any of these differences? What other elements can illuminate your analysis?

In addressing each of the above questions, support your analysis and construct your arguments by citing references from course readings and at least one peer-reviewed journal article from the recommended readings or the University of the Rockies online library database(s).

Point Value: 8 Points

Description: Ethics Code When discussing the various subfields of applied psychology, we will often refer to the terms “scope of practice” and “competency.” In this three- to four-page paper (about 1,050-1,400 words, excluding title page and references): 1. Describe what is meant by “scope of practice,” going beyond a simple definition to analyze how it impacts the relationships between different subfields of psychology. 2. Describe the importance of competency and competency benchmarks, analyzing their role in defining the differences between students, interns, and professionals in the various subfields of psychology. 3. Compare and contrast the APA and ACA ethical codes and credentialing guidelines, and then analyze the reasons behind their commonalities and differences. Does scope of practice and competency benchmarks inform or explain any of these differences? What other elements can illuminate your analysis? In addressing each of the above questions, support your analysis and construct your arguments by citing references from course readings and at least one peer-reviewed journal article from the recommended readings or the University of the Rockies online library database(s).

Total Possible Score: 8.00

Analyzes the impact of practice scope in the relationships among different subfields of psychology.

Total: 1.20

5 – Deep and insightful analysis is made to explain how scope of practice shapes the relationships among different subfields of psychology.

4 – A thorough analysis is made to explain how scope of practice shapes the relationships among different subfields of psychology.

3 – Adequate analysis is applied to an explanation of how scope of practice shapes the relationships among different subfields of psychology.

2 – A partial analysis is made to explain how scope of practice shapes the relationships among different subfields of psychology; however, the student’s appreciation of the importance of scope of practice is incomplete.

1 – There is no evidence of an analysis of how scope of practice shapes the relationships among different subfields of psychology.

Describes the importance of competency and competency benchmarks.

Total: 1.20

5 – Insightfully analyzes how competency and competency benchmarks define the differences between students, interns, and professionals in the various subfields of psychology.

4 – Thoroughly analyzes how competency and competency benchmarks define the differences between students, interns, and professionals in the various subfields of psychology.

3 – Adequately analyzes how competency and competency benchmarks define the differences between students, interns, and professionals in the various subfields of psychology.

2 – Presents some analysis of how competency and competency benchmarks define the differences between students, interns, and professionals in the various subfields of psychology.

1 – Does not show evidence of analysis regarding how competency and competency benchmarks define the differences between students, interns, and professionals in the various subfields of psychology.

Compares and contrasts the APA and ACA ethical codes and credentialing guidelines.

Total: 1.20

5 – Comprehensively compares and contrasts the APA and ACA ethics codes and insightfully traces their similarities and differences back to the differences in subfield and practitioner.

4 – Effectively compares and contrasts the APA and ACA ethics codes and traces their similarities and differences back to the differences in subfield and practitioner.

3 – Sufficiently compares and contrasts the APA and ACA ethics codes and traces their similarities and differences back to the differences in subfield and practitioner.

2 – Begins to compare and contrast the APA and ACA ethics codes and explains some of their similarities and differences.

1 – Does not compare and contrast the APA and ACA ethics codes or explain their similarities and differences.

Support your analyses or construct your arguments.

Total: 1.20

5 – Meticulously supports all analysis and arguments using references from the course readings and at least one peer-reviewed journal article.

4 – Thoroughly supports analysis and arguments using references from the course readings and at least one peer-reviewed journal article.

3 – Competently supports analysis and arguments using references from the course readings and at least one peer-reviewed journal article.

2 – Supports some analysis and arguments using references from the course readings.

1 – Does not appear to support analysis and arguments using references from the course readings or from one or more peer-reviewed journal articles.

Writing and Organization

Total: 1.60

5 – Demonstrates exemplary clarity and organization. The paper contains a well-articulated thesis statement, flawless mechanics, and precise APA formatting.

 

 

4 – Demonstrates effective clarity and organization. The paper contains a well-articulated thesis statement, proper mechanics, and correct APA formatting.

3 – Demonstrates adequate clarity and organization. The paper contains a clear thesis statement, adequate mechanics, and mostly correct APA formatting.

2 – Demonstrates some clarity and organization. The paper contains an unclear thesis statement, poor mechanics, and improper APA formatting.

1 – Lacking clarity and organization. The paper lacks a thesis statement, effective mechanics, and proper APA formatting.

Research

Total: 1.60

5 – Demonstrates exemplary critical analysis of the research materials.  The student comprehensively uses varied, scholarly, relevant, and current resources to inform analysis, evaluation, problem-solving, and decision-making.

4 – Demonstrates effective critical analysis of the research materials. The student fully uses varied, scholarly, relevant, and current resources to inform analysis, evaluation, problem-solving, and decision-making.

 

3 – Demonstrates adequate critical analysis of the research materials.  The student adequately uses varied, scholarly, relevant, and current resources to inform analysis, evaluation, problem-solving, and decision-making.

2 – Demonstrates some critical analysis of the research materials.  The student partially uses varied, scholarly, relevant, and current resources to inform analysis, evaluation, problem-solving, and decision-making.

1 – Lacking critical analysis of the research materials. The student fails to use varied, scholarly, relevant, and current resources to inform analysis, evaluation, problem-solving, and decision-making

 

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Each stakeholder in the selection process – line managers, coworkers, and applicants – has distinctly different needs, desires, and goals for selection.  Discuss whether each stakeholder’s needs, desires, and goals for selection should be equally weighted. 

Assignment 1: Discussion

By the due date assigned, respond to the assigned Discussion Question. Submit your responses to the Discussion Area. Start reviewing and responding to your classmates as early in the module as possible.

Each stakeholder in the selection process – line managers, coworkers, and applicants – has distinctly different needs, desires, and goals for selection.  Discuss whether each stakeholder’s needs, desires, and goals for selection should be equally weighted.  Explain why or why not giving specific examples to support your response. Refer to Chapter 3 for information on the selection process.

Selecting the new employees and classifying them as suitable or unsuitable for the job are accomplished by a variety of techniques, including application blanks, interviews, letters of recommendation, assessment centers, and psychological tests. Hiring decisions typically are based not on a single technique but on a combination of methods. In addition, testing for drug use is now widespread for many types of jobs (see chapter 12). Some jobs also have physical requirements and may require tests of strength and endurance.

The next step in the selection process is to test the selection procedures to determine if they succeeded in identifying the best workers for the jobs. In our example, after the initial 200 workers have been hired, the human resources department must track their progress to see how they perform on the job. This is the major test of the worth of a selection program.

Every new selection program must be investigated to determine its predictive accuracy or validity. This is done by evaluating the performance of the employees selected by the new procedures. For example, after the new workers are on the job for 6 months, their supervisors can be asked to rate their job performance. By comparing these ratings with performance on the selection techniques, we can determine how the two measures correlate. We want to know whether the selection techniques were able to predict which of the applicants turned out to be the better workers.

Suppose we learn that the employees who received high ratings from their supervisors had performed an average of 10 points above the cutoff score on a test of manual dexterity and had earned a high school diploma. Employees who received low ratings from their supervisors performed within 1 or 2 points of the cutoff score on the manual dexterity test and had not completed high school. These findings tell us that the two factors (manual dexterity and a high school diploma) were able to distinguish between potentially good and potentially poor workers. In the future, then, the human resources department can use these criteria with confidence to select the best people for these jobs.

Keep in mind that to evaluate employee selection procedures we must have some measure of job performance with which to compare performance on the selection techniques. Some ways to appraise and measure work performance are discussed in chapter 5.

 

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Katarina is a first-generation Korean American. She claims to be an atheist raised by irreligious parents. She is still very close to her parents and has an older brother, Young, who has always been protective of her. She has a master’s degree in education and is a teacher at an inner-city high school

Assignment 2: LASA—Case Study Application Paper

Case Scenario

Katarina is a first-generation Korean American. She claims to be an atheist raised by irreligious parents. She is still very close to her parents and has an older brother, Young, who has always been protective of her. She has a master’s degree in education and is a teacher at an inner-city high school. She is a 26-year-old lesbian, though not currently in a relationship, in part because she does not know what might happen with her work if she were to come out. She is also concerned with the reaction of her family as she is the only daughter.

Though Katarina loves teaching, she struggles to connect with some of the inner-city youth who have very different values from her own, especially those related to education. She is often frustrated by how much time she spends trying to motivate her students to pay attention and make even minimal effort on their assignments. She also confesses that she does not feel respected and wonders if it is because of her race as well as because she is soft-spoken and often shorter than her students. She admits that she would never be so disrespectful to any of her teachers and does not understand why youth in America do not value education more. Katarina has thought about quitting the job but is afraid that she will bring shame on her family if she just quits.

Katarina has turned to you for help with these issues because she really does not know where else to go.

Description of LASA:

For this LASA, you will use the case scenario of Katarina and apply what you have learned in this course and your program so far. As her counselor, you will use your textbook, the articles assigned in the course, and additional research to write a 6- to 10-page paper in APA format, addressing the following areas:

  • Identify at least two things you have in common with Katarina which will help to develop some rapport.
  • Identify at least three potential differences between you and Katarina and describe how you will address those in your counseling with her.
  • Analyze where you believe Katarina to be in her identity development on at least two different identity development models and how you will meet her where she is in her development. Identify what additional assessments you might use or how you might gather additional information to gain a clear understanding of her worldview.
  • Outline how you will advocate for Katarina and assist her to advocate for herself.
  • Evaluate whom you will need to include in your work with Katarina and how they will be included. Also, identify at least two community resources that you would recommend for Katarina.
  • Finally, address any potential ethical concerns related to working with Katarina and what actions you might take to mitigate them.

Your final product will be a 6- to 7-page (excluding title page and reference list) Microsoft Word document written in APA format. Utilize at least five scholarly sources.

 

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psychotherapeutic techniques for kleptomania

Running Head: KLEPTOMANIA Okezie 1

KLEPTOMANIA Okezie 8

Kleptomania

Okezie Emmanuel

Oral Roberts University

Dr. Nelson

April 21st, 2018.

Introduction

Kleptomania refers to an impulse disorder which is a characteristic feature of having a recurrent failure to resist feeling. The victim suffering from this disorder usually finds it hard to stop the habit of stealing. This disorder is common in patients who are chemically dependent and in sometimes others tend to have a coexisting mood, anxiety, and theor eating disorder. Other contemporaneous mental disorders are depressions, panic attacks, social phobia, anorexia, and substance abuse among others (Grant J., 2006). Comment by Philip Nelson: Stealing?

Individuals suffering from this disorder always have a propensity to steal and are getting thrilledget a thrill from doing it. The persistent behavior of theft might be limited to particular items and settings; nevertheless, the individual with this disorder possibly will or may perhaps not explain these specific special partialities. The affected individuals always show signs of culpability following the stealing action. Kleptomania is always hard to detect and might progress without detected detection (Christianni, Conti, Hearst, Cordas, de Abreu, & Tavares, 2015).

Symptomatology

The cause of the kleptomania is unidentified, even though it might be havinghave a genetic element and can be passed on to the first-degree relatives. However, the occurrence of this disorder is not restricted to a particular group and it any person is likely to be kleptomaniac regardless of the social status or the financial status. The symptoms of this disease are manifested in stages. The following are stages of the manifestation of the kleptomania disorder. Comment by Philip Nelson: ?

· There is an uncontrolled impulse of stealing anything with no value or benefit. Against the background, there is the existence of resistance to obsession. Comment by Philip Nelson: try to avoid using bullets in term paper/formal writing. If you do, use just the dots as that’s the more basic one.

· The feeling of the tension elevates and this might suggest that there is an anticipation of the adrenaline before stealing

· After the theft, there are some kinds of a relief feeling as well as satisfaction. There are gradual incriminating thoughts, feelings of guilt and shame for what has been done.

· There is a spontaneous occurrence of episodes without even planning them. Some of this situation can happen in the public gatherings. The patients have no signs of schizophrenia.

· Kleptomanus commits theft himself. The stolen items can be returned to the site or discarded due to the worthlessness. Comment by Philip Nelson: I think it’s kleptomaniacs

The stealing action is always associated with a stronger psycho-emotional burden on the body. There is also a sense of moral satisfaction as well as the buzz. In some occasions, the patient can theft everlastingly or observe some time interval. The extent of the time of stealing is dependent on the level of the development i.e. the neglect of the disorder. A pathological condition can also occur for the time being of the life situation (Grant, 2006).

There is always a never-ending occurrence of the episodes of this disorder. In most occasions, attacks have a propensity to occur in most unpredicted moments and in the nearly all suitable places. There is always a stronger to keep on stealing and it is impossible for the person suffering from kleptomania to resist. The stealing action is always associated with nervousness which in a while is swiftly replaced by the satisfaction and a sense of culpability. After this feeling of guilt, the person suffering from kleptomania will then try again to return the stolen object which he or she had stolen. There is also a sense of the tension as well as excitement which is related to impulse. The unplanned act stealing action is performed under the influence of impulsive actions. Theft is not carried out of antagonism or to take revenge on another person (Thompson & Winstead, 2014). Comment by Philip Nelson: ?

Physiology of Kleptomania

There is little known concerning the cause of kleptomania. However, some of the believed cause includes the structural changes in the brain. Studies are investigating on the potential connection between the impulse control disorders such as kleptomania and some chemicals found within the brain known as the neurotransmitters. In the human brain, neurotransmitters are responsible for helping the nerve cells of the brain in sending messages to one another (Sophia & Monica, 2013).

A neurotransmitter is also involved in the regulation of the emotions of the mood. A low level of the serotonin results in uncontrolled behavior and the discharge of the dopamine cause pleasant feelings. Due to this, dependence occurs and the desire to experience these feelings occurs. Head injuries which cause trauma or the organic damage to the brain can also lead to this disorder. A deadly predilection starts with epilepsy after the stroke with a progressive paralysis and senile dementia. Family history also increases the development of this disease especially to people whose parents have had bipolar, obsessive-compulsive disorder, anxiety-phobic condition, alcohol or addiction to a drug, bulimia nervosa or the anorexia nervosa.

Kleptomania is also linked with the psychosexual issues like the sexual repression as well as the suppression. The brain opioid system is responsible for the regulation of the urges. Therefore, an imbalance in this system might make it challenging to resist the urge of stealing. Hormonal changes due to the lesions of the endocrine system are also believed to be the cause of this disorder. Postponed mental illness, for example, the eating disorder can also lead to the development of kleptomania disorder. There are also other risks factors which increase the chances of developing this disorder and they include hereditary predisposition for example if the parents had kleptomania disease. Females are also at risk and the statistical approximation is that about 60-70 percent patient is womenfor females.

Continuous stress, as well as the chronic nervous tension, also increases the chances of developing this disorder. In this regard, stealing is alleged as a reward for the suffered failures and suffering. On the same note, this is also observed in the schizophrenia due to the hallucinations or delusions. Growing in the antisocial families also leads to the exposure to this disease and in this case, at the unconscious level, a statement is generated which states that stealing is normal and it provides moral satisfaction (Grant J., 2006).

Children are likely to be the most exposed if certain principles are not observed. Due to the lack of understanding of the fact that stealing is not allowed, children will be involved in such behaviors. According to the psychoanalytic theories, the compulsive stealing is related childhood trauma and the neglectful or the abusive parents and therefore theft represents the repossessing the loss of the childhood. Inadequate attention from the parent frequently leads to the fact that kid appropriates the parental money or things. This is a specific reunion with the parents. Lack of money for some smaller uses can also increase the development of this disorder in children (Sophia & Monica, 2013).

Treatment

Usually, individuals suffering from the antisocial behavior with uncontrolled urges to steal hardly ever seek medical assistance. The treatment of the kleptomania is usually targeted bring back the normal condition of the patient and doing away with the obsessive thoughts. However, before the start of the treatment, it is always important to assess the physical and the psychological condition of the patient. The process of physical examination through having laboratory tests such as MRI and CT scan are necessary for the detection of the changes or the damages to the brain and the metabolic disorders. The examination of the mental condition usually composed of special tests and the questionnaire and the outcomes are considered while formulating the final diagnosis (Black, 2013).

Treatment of this disorder involves the combination of the pharmacology and the psychotherapy. The psychotherapy treatment is done to help in the identification of the real causes of the pathological dependence. The psychological counseling or therapy can be in a group or one on one setting with an aim of addressing the underlying psychological problems that are likely to be the contributor to kleptomania. Some of the therapies that can be used in this case include behavioral modification therapy; disgust therapy, family therapy, cognitive behavioral therapy, and the psychodynamic therapy.

The behavioral psychotherapy assists in separating the unhealthy beliefs and behaviors while replacing them with the positive and healthy behaviors. Disgust therapy is used by the psychologists to model a situation that led the patient to steal. At this point, the patient remains quite while holding his breath to uneasiness and lack of oxygen. This approach has moderate pain, however through regular training; there is unpleasant, uncomfortable association if the individual wants to steal something. Group psychotherapy is also important because it helps the patient in knowing individuals having a similar problem. Anonymity as well as having a complete within the group is important because it assists in the determination of the real causes of the disorder thus paving the way for finding the effective mechanisms of correcting it (Christianni, Conti, Hearst, Cordas, de Abreu, & Tavares, 2015).

Patients are always required for the psychotherapy treatment and the symptoms have to be written down even those which arise during the time of the theft. This is important in establishing what affects the harmful urge of theft. It is also important to have anamnesis of the life as well as the recognition of the shocking and stressful conditions. It is the responsibilities of the physician to select the drugs or develop some pharmacological combinations that would help in stopping the disastrous urge. The doctor selects the type of drug to be given and decides on the duration of the therapy individually to every patient. Some medications which work best in treating the kleptomania disorder include a number of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) which leads to the elevation in the serotonin level within the brain. Some of these drugs include Fluoxetine (Prozac), Fluvoxamine, paroxetine, and the sertraline (Christianni, Conti, Hearst, Cordas, de Abreu, & Tavares, 2015).

The above drugs, for example, the Prozac are widely used as antidepressants and it is selective inhibitors of serotonin reuptake which have therapeutic properties. There are also other drugs which are used for the stabilization of the moods for example Lithium is used to align the moods as well as help in controlling the urge for theft. Normotimiki is used for the reduction of the excitement level within the brain and minimize the desire to commit crimes. Some of the Normotimiki drugs include topiramate, carbamazepine, and the Tegretol which are sometimes used for the treatment of epilepsy. Additionally, physiotherapy is useful in the treatment of the kleptomania attacks and some good examples of these drugs include ashwagandha grass which stabilizes the role of the adrenaline; valerian root, and California poppy among many other drugs (Grant, Odlaug, Schreiber, Chamberlain, & Kim, 2013). Comment by Philip Nelson: what is this?

References Black, D. (2013). Behavioral addictions as a way to classify behaviors. Christianni, A. R., Conti, M. A., Hearst, N., Cordas, T. A., de Abreu, C. N., & Tavares, H. (2015). Treating kleptomania: A cross-cultural adaptation of kleptomania symptom assessment scale and assessment of an outpatient program. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 56, 289-294. Grant, J. E., Odlaug, B. L., Schreiber, L. R., Chamberlain, S. R., & Kim, S. W. (2013). Memantine reduces stealing behavior and impulsivity in kleptomania: a pilot study. International Clinical Psychopharmacology, 28 (2), 106-111. Grant, J. (2006). Understanding and treating kleptomania: new models and new testaments. Israel Journal of Psychiatry and Related Sciences, 43 (2), 81. Sophia, E. C., & Monica, L. Z. (2013). Addictive Disorder. Women and Health, 1305-1316. Thompson, J. W., & Winstead, D. K. (2014). Chapter 28. Impulse-control disorders. In: Ebert MH, Loosen PT, Nurcombe B, Leckman JF.eds. Current Diagnosis and Treatment: Psychiatry. New York, NY.: McGraw-Hill.

Category Scoring Criteria Total Points Score
Symptomatology

(25 points)

Symptoms are accurate (based on DSM-5) 5 5
Research adequately supports and discusses symptoms thoroughly 20 20
Physiology

(50 points)

Research supports physiological mechanisms of disorder 25 17
Level of coverage (detail) of material is appropriate to the paper 25 15
Treatment

(30 points)

Treatment is well-supported by research 20 15
Treatments are comprehensive (missing few major components) 10 7
APA Format

(10 points)

Paper is in appropriate APA format 10 10
Grammar/Syntax/Sentence Clarity Paper is free of major grammar/syntax/spelling errors. (1/2 point for every error). Paper flows well (i.e., uses transitional phrases to connect similar ideas or provide contrast between two different ideas). 10 0
Total Points 125
Video Presentation

(15 points)

Presentation is clear and well-rehearsed. Student does not read directly from notes, but uses creative ways to explain the main points of the presentation (e.g., student uses visual aids, PowerPoint, Whiteboard, etc.). Video is between 5-8 min. long (- 1 point for every 30 seconds +/-) 15
Critique & Rating

(10 points)

Student critiques and rates 10 other videos 10
Total Score 150

· A lot of your phrasing is difficult to understand or read. I’d recommend for future assignments where you have to do more formal writing vs. more laboratory reports, seek out the writing center to help with the general flow of the paper. Your content is good, but it is difficult to read through as some phrases are worded in a way that is hard to comprehend. Many of your sentences did not make sense and it too a while to get through your paper because of this.

· -12 points (only 6 peer-reviewed articles)

· Your physiology section was very short and needs to be about ½ of your entire paper.

· Need to talk more about the psychotherapeutic techniques for kleptomania

· Overall, good information, just needed to be expanded more

· -12.5 (10% instead of 20% for plagiarism)

 

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Identify a social, political, or cultural issue that is important to you. Be able to define, analyze, and discuss the relevance and significance of the issue in a logical and thoughtful way. 

Objectives for this Project

1. Identify a social, political, or cultural issue that is important to you. Be able to define, analyze, and discuss the relevance and significance of the issue in a logical and thoughtful way.

2. Recognize how culture influences one’s worldview about issues.

3. Recognize that culture may influence people to feel, think, and behave differently.

4. Identify why and how one can be involved in addressing important issues at the local, regional, national, and global level.

5. Identify and discuss similarities and differences between groups with opposing ideologies.

6. Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of psychological principles* that explain one’s own and others’ thoughts, feelings, and behavior related to the issue.

7. Demonstrate the ability to successfully interact with someone from a different “culture.”

*For this project, you will support your views with psychological principles from at least two theoretical perspectives: social cognition; learning; motivation; emotions; perception; stereotyping, prejudice, and discrimination; human development; biological; humanism; and others.

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PROJECT QUESTIONS

1. Define your ingroup. What is the issue? What is your ingroup’s position on this issue? (5pts)

2. Culture of the Ingroup (40 points)

a. Define the culture of the people in your ingroup (shared beliefs, values, traditions/practices, norms).

b. How has the group’s culture shaped your attitudes, thoughts, and behavior related to this issue?

c. What contributions has this group made (to other group members, the community, the city, state, country)?

d. Why is this group important to you? What types of things do you do (actions) to demonstrate your commitment and responsibility to the issue/position?

e. Why is it important to actively engage with the group?

3. Define the Outgroup. Take the same issue, and define the specific outgroup and its culture. This section will require research on your part. (30 points) What motivates the outgroup to think, feel, and act the way that it does?

a. What is the group’s position on the issue?

b. What is the culture of the outgroup and how does it influence how its members think about the issue?

c. Why is this group important to its group members?

d. What contributions has this group made?

4. Compare and Contrast Ingroup and Outgroup (20 points)

Besides the obvious differences, why are their differences between the ingroup and outgroup? Apply what you have learned about psychology.

5. Imagine that you must spend a day with members of the outgroup you described above to address this important issue. (25 points)

a. How do you think you would feel about the encounter? Why?

b. How would you adapt your attitudes, thoughts, and behavior to demonstrate that you were willing to understand and successfully interact with members of the outgroup.

c. What Mindset would you have as you prepare for this encounter? What heart set and skill set would you need to develop and/or apply for a successful encounter (see power point in eCampus)?

6. Actual Engagement (10 points)

If you have engaged with members of the outgroup, describe the experience.

7. Intercultural Competence and Engagement with Communities: (20 points)

a. As you completed this assignment, did your thoughts and attitudes about the ingroup and/or outgroup change? If yes, how?

b. Why is it important for people to understand each other’s cultures/perspectives?

c. What have you learned from the research (and/or class discussion) that could be applied to help ingroup and outgroup members interact effectively to address this issue?

PROJECT GUIDELINES 

v Your discussion should be clear, concise, and in-depth. Answers should demonstrate knowledge and understanding of your ingroup’s culture and the outgroup’s culture, and how psychological principles apply to the similarities and differences between the groups.

v Do not rush through the assignment. Take time to think carefully about a group that is important to you. Think equally carefully about the outgroup (the group that feels differently about the same issue). You can get ideas for issues with opposing sides from the following databases. Opposing Viewpoints

Points of View

SIRS Researcher

(If these links do not work, visit the MVC Library.)

v Research aspects of the outgroup: read reputable articles; visit credible websites; talk to people who belong to the outgroup.

v As you develop your report, reflect on any social or cultural barriers to interactions with members of the outgroup. According to psychological principles, why is that?

PROJECT DETAILS 

Length: Answers to the questions should be as long as necessary to be complete – probably between 3-4 pages. Assignment must be typed, double-spaced, with 1” margins, 12-point font. Papers that are not typed will not be accepted. If the paper you turn in is illegible, you may forfeit all points for this assignment.

Style: The best way to approach this project is to simply answer each question as it is presented. All answers must be in complete sentences using proper grammar and spelling. If you choose to write an essay, your paragraphs should transition logically. If you have concerns about your writing skills, schedule a visit with the MVC Writing Center located in W114. This is an excellent, free resource. Appointment required.

Citations: You must have at least two (2) references to specific psychological theories to support your answers. The theories/concepts should be clearly related to your answers. Cite theory, author(s), main points, and how it supports your answer.

· Psychology uses the APA format for citations (a tutorial link is provided on eCampus).

· Do not include first names, book titles, or journal article titles in your written answers.

o For example, if you cite information from your text, do not write: “According to Sandra Ciccarelli and J. Noland White in Psychology: An Exploration…”

o Do write: According to Ciccarelli and White (2016), psychology is a fascinating discipline.

· Direct quotes should be used sparingly (no more than two for the entire project) and only when the original author’s statement is the most effective way to state a concept or finding. You should always try to put other sources’ work in your own words.

· If you use a direct quote, it should be no longer than one sentence.

· Use proper citation for the quote:

o  “In any society, there will always be ingroups and outgroups, or us versus them” (Ciccarelli & White, 2016, p. 384).

o According to Ciccarelli and White, “in any society, there will always be ingroups and outgroups, or us versus them” (2016, p. 384).

o Periods go at the end of the sentence, but inside the closing punctuation, including quotation marks, if the quotation mark ends the sentence. Periods always go after the parenthesis ( ), unless the parentheses contain a full sentence. (Put periods at the end of a complete sentence within parentheses.)

· A complete list of references should be at the end of your assignment (not included as part of the 3-page minimum).

o Periods go at the end of the sentence, but inside the closing punctuation, including quotation marks, if the quotation mark ends the sentence. Periods always go after the parenthesis ( ), unless the parentheses contain a full sentence. (Put periods at the end of a complete sentence within parentheses.)

· A complete list of references should be at the end of your assignment (not included as part of the 3-page minimum).

Due Date: April 16, 2018

Two versions of the final paper are required: 

1) A hard copy turned in at the beginning of class Monday, April 16, 2018

2) An electronic copy uploaded on eCampus by April 16, 2018, under the Intercultural Competence Project Tab.

3) If you turn in only the electronic or hard copy of the paper, you will forfeit 50% of your grade. 

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GRADING (see Rubric) 

In addition to points covered on the Grading Rubric, this project will be graded using elements of the MVC Quality Enhancement Program (QEP) Writing Rubric.

  • Clarity: understandable, nothing is confusing
  • Accuracy: the information is true, correct, and can be      verified. Project demonstrates accurate and knowledgeable understanding of      one’s ingroup and the outgroup and the relevant issue.
  • Precision: includes the specific information needed to address      and explain the problem, issues.
  • Relevance: Incorporates meaningful information and      observations. Information provided relates directly to the project.
  • Depth: includes enough complex information to address the      psychological concepts related to ingroup and outgroup dynamics.
  • Breadth: involves more than one point of view; considers      alternative perspectives

Logic: answers/paper makes sense; nothing is confusing, no contradictions

  • Significance: focuses on the important aspects of the ingroup’s      and outgroup’s identities, positions, beliefs, norms, (culture). respondent’s      life, not the trivial
  • Fairness: considers the thoughts and views of others
 

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