.The first thing the researcher needs to do before organizing his/her  qualitative data is to determine which sources of information will be  used in their literature review. One reliable source of information is  the use of peer-reviewed literature and careful selection of the  literature

1.The first thing the researcher needs to do before organizing his/her  qualitative data is to determine which sources of information will be  used in their literature review. One reliable source of information is  the use of peer-reviewed literature and careful selection of the  literature should be done by first reading the abstracts to ensure  that the study addresses the problem being researched.

A high-quality review of literature available for the chosen  research topic is essential and can be achieved by managing and  organizing the data using a summary table in which qualitative studies  can be organized by (1) author and year; (2) purpose of the study; (3)  qualitative approach used; (4) sample details; (5) data collection  methods; and (6) key findings (Grove, Gray, & Burns, 2015). Grove,  Gray, & Burns also state that the sources selected for a  literature review can be gathered based on which section of the paper  they will be placed in: Introduction; theoretical literature;  empirical literature; main points of the literature findings; or  conclusion (2015). Sage Publishing highlights six steps to organize  and analyze qualitative data: Identify the researcher’s own  biases and neutralize them; classify the data into themes or  categories; identify repetitive ideas or pieces of information; create  themes; create theories and check their validity; and draw conclusions (2018

2.

The information that is gathered during research must be able to be  organized, collected, managed, stored, retrieved, analyzed, and given  meaning to (Dunlap, Johnson, Benoit 2010).  One of most crucial  decisions that needs to be made when taking on a project, is choosing  the right software that is going to store and sift through the  voluminous amounts of data and words.  This software will be the   “storehouse” for your research (Dunlap, Johnson, Benoit  2010).  The next fundamental question is to identify what this  qualitative research is going to accomplish, or question is going to  be answered.  Once this is determined, then the research and  volume of information can be organized into 4 types of data: Field  notes, Baseline qualitative protocol, Follow-up qualitative protocol,  and Focus group protocols (Dunlap, Johnson, Benoit 2010).  It is  also important that someone is appointed to oversee the work and  ensure everything is being collected and stored properly.  The  work can be assigned to different researchers, so that it is not so  overwhelming for one researcher.

The information and data that has been collected needs to be coded  and identified so that it can be organized.  Codes lead to  categories and categories lead to themes, which are then further  developed (Seers, 2012).

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