Virginia Henderson was an established author, educator of nursing, and co-creator of a patient-centered curriculum utilized by the National League of Nursing (McEwen & Ellis, 2014). Henderson developed the nursing need theory, which is divided into 14 components that emphasized improving patient independence to promote recovery after hospitalization (Ahtisham & Jacoline, 2015). The elements of the nursing need theory provide a holistic nursing approach that encompasses the mental, physical, social, and spiritual aspects of patients.
Faye Abdellah was a nursing theorist that presented a patient-focused approach that also integrated using nursing diagnoses into the nursing discipline. Abdellah along with colleagues, created a listing of 21 nursing problems that are equally divided into patient problems and nursing skills during a period were nursing diagnoses were not considered appropriate for nurses (McEwen & Ellis, 2014). Abdellah’s 21 nursing problems are subcategorized into emotional, physiological, social needs of patients along with nurse-patient relationships and patient care.
Ahtisham, Y., & Jacoline, S. (2015). Integrating nursing theory and process into practice;
Virginia’s Henderson need theory. International Journal of Caring Sciences, 8(2), 443
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Francis, I. (2017). Nursing informatics and the metaparadigms of nursing. Online Journal of
Nursing Informatics, 21(1). Retrieved from https://www.himss.org/library/nursing
McEwen, M., & Wills, E. (2014). Grand nursing theories based on human needs. In Theoretical
basis for nursing [VitalSource version] (4th ed., p. 134).