Identify and describe the organizational authentication technology and network security issues.

ASSIGNMENTS

· Identify and describe the organizational authentication technology and network security issues.

· Make a list of access points internal and external (remote).

· Design a secure authentication technology and network security for GFI.

· Make assumptions for any unknown facts.

· List all known vulnerabilities you can identify in this environment and address them by proposing a new design. You may use any combination of technologies to harden authentication process and network security measures.

· Address the CEO’s concern over the mobility security and design a secure mobile computing (smart phones, tablets, laptops, etc.) in terms of authentication technologies and data protection.

·Identify wireless vulnerabilities and recommend what safeguards, authentication technologies, and network security to protect data should be implemented.

·Design a cloud computing environment for the company with a secure means of data protection at rest, in motion and in process.

GLOBAL FINANCE, INC. (GFI)

Global Finance, Inc. (GFI) is a financial company that manages thousands of accounts across Canada, the United

States, and Mexico. A public company traded on the NYSE, GFI specializes in financial management, loan

application approval, wholesale loan processing, and investment of money management for their customers.

GFI employs over 1,600 employees and has been experiencing consistent growth keeping pace with S&P averages

(approximately 8%) for nearly six years. A well-honed management strategy built on scaling operational

performance through automation and technological innovation has propelled the company into the big leagues; GFI

was only recently profiled in Fortune Magazine.

The executive management team of GFI:

CEO

John Thompson

Vice Presidnet

Trey Elway

Executive

Assistant

Julie Anderson

Executive

Assistant

Kim Johnson

Executive

Assistant

Michelle Wang

CFO

Ron Johnson

COO

Mike Willy

CCO

Andy Murphy

Director of

Marketing

John King

Director of HR

Ted Young

Figure 1 GFI Management Organizational Chart

BACKGROUND AND YOUR ROLE

You are the Computer Security Manager educated, trained, and hired to protect the physical and operational

security of GFI’s corporate information system.

You were hired by COO Mike Willy and currently report to the COO. You are responsible for a $5.25m

annual budget, a staff of 11, and a sprawling and expansive data center located on the 5 th

floor of the

corporate tower. This position is the pinnacle of your career – you are counting on your performance here

to pave the way into a more strategic leadership position in IT, filling a vacancy that you feel is so

significantly lacking from the executive team.

There is actually a reason for this. CEO John Thompson believes that the IT problem is a known quantity –

that is, she feels the IT function can be nearly entirely outsourced at fractions of the cost associated with

creating and maintaining an established internal IT department; the CEO’s strategy has been to prevent IT

from becoming a core competency since so many services can be obtained from 3 rd

parties. Since the CEO

has taken the reigns two years ago, the CEO has made significant headway in cutting your department’s

budget by 30% and reducing half of your staff through outsourcing. This has been a political fight for you:

maintaining and reinforcing the relevance of an internal IT department is a constant struggle. COO Willy’s

act of hiring you was, in fact, an act of desperation: the increasing operational dependence on technology

combined with a diminishing IT footprint gravely concerned Jacobson, and he begged to at least bring in a

manager to whom these obligations could be delegated to. Jacobson’s worst nightmare is a situation where

the Confidentiality, Integrity, and Availability of the information system was compromised – bringing the

company to its knees – then having to rely on vendors to pull him out of the mess.

GFI has experienced several cyber-attacks from outsiders over the past a few years. In 2012, the Oracle

database server was attacked and its customer database lost its confidentiality, integrity, and availability for

several days. Although the company restored the Oracle database server back online, its lost confidentiality

damaged the company reputations. GFI ended up paying its customers a large sum of settlement for their

loss of data confidentiality. Another security attack was carried out by a malicious virus that infected the

entire network for several days. While infected the Oracle and e-mail servers had to be shut down to

quarantine these servers. In the meantime, the company lost $1.700, 000 in revenue and intangible

customer confidence.

There’s no question that the company’s CEO sees the strategic importance of technology in executing her

business plan, and in this way you share a common basis of principle with her: that IT is a competitive

differentiator. However, you believe that diminishing internal IT services risks security and strategic

capability, whereas the CEO feels she can acquire that capability immediately and on the cheap through the

open market. You’re told that CEO Thompson reluctantly agreed to your position if only to pacify COO

Willy’s concerns.

CORPORATE OFFICE NETWORK TOPOLOGY

90

90 Wireless

Antenna90

You are responsible for a corporate WAN spanning 10 remote facilities and interconnecting those facilities

to the central data processing environment. Data is transmitted from a remote site through a VPN

appliance situated in the border layer of the routing topology; the remote VPN connects to the internal

Oracle database to update the customer data tables. Data transaction from the remote access to the

corporate internal databases is not encrypted.

A bulk of the data processing for your company is handled by Oracle database on a high end super

computer. The trusted computing based (TCB) internal network is situated in a physically separated subnet.

This is where all corporate data processing is completed and internal support team has its own intranet web

server, a SUS server, an internal DNS, an e-mail system, and other support personnel workstations. Each

corporate department is segregated physically on a different subnet and shares the corporate data in the

TCB network.

OTHER CONSIDERATIONS

1. Ever since the article ran in Fortune about GFI, your network engineers report that they’ve noted a significant spike in network traffic crossing into the internal networks. They report that they cannot be

certain what or who is generating this traffic, but the volume and frequency of traffic is certainly

abnormal. The management is very concerned over securing the corporate confidential data and

customer information.

2. Increasingly, GFI’s CEO Thompson attempts to outsource IT competency. In fact, you’ve been told of a plan from COO Willy to outsource network management and security functions away from your

department and to a service integrator. COO Willy warns you that the political environment will only

become more contentious over time; you must make a compelling case as to what value your

department can bring over an integrator that can provide secure services at 40% less annual cost than

you.

3. The interrelationship between data and operations concerns you. Increasingly, some of the 10 remote sites have been reporting significant problems with network latency, slow performance, and

application time-outs against the Oracle database. The company’s business model is driving higher

and higher demand for data, but your capability to respond to these problems are drastically limited.

4. Mobility is important for the organization to interact with the customers and other co-workers in near real-time. However, the CEO is concerned with the mobility security and would like to research for the

best practice for mobility computing. The CEO is willing to implement a BYOD policy if security can

be addressed.

5. Employees enjoy the flexibility of getting access to the corporate network using a WiFi network. However, the CEO is concerns over the security ramifications over the wireless network that is widely

open to the company and nearby residents.

6. The company plans to offer its products and services online and requested its IT department to design a Cloud Computing based e-commerce platform. However, the CEO is particularly concerned over the

cloud computing security in case the customer database is breached.

ASSIGNMENTS

 Identify and describe the organizational authentication technology and network security issues.

 Make a list of access points internal and external (remote).

 Design a secure authentication technology and network security for GFI.

 Make assumptions for any unknown facts.

 List all known vulnerabilities you can identify in this environment and address them by proposing a new design. You may use any combination of technologies to harden authentication process and

network security measures.

 Address the CEO’s concern over the mobility security and design a secure mobile computing (smart phones, tablets, laptops, etc.) in terms of authentication technologies and data protection.

 Identify wireless vulnerabilities and recommend what safeguards, authentication technologies, and network security to protect data should be implemented.

 Design a cloud computing environment for the company with a secure means of data protection at rest, in motion and in process.

Risk Assessment Paper Rubric

You are given a fictional scenario above describing security issues affecting organizational assets. You will identify

the risks associated with the assets, and recommend mitigating procedures. You will prepare a quantitative /

qualitative risk assessment to address risk factors on organizational assets. Your final paper will be 15–25 pages

long in a Word document and will be graded using the following rubric.

Criteria Non-compliant Minimal Compliant Advanced

Inventory assets

and prioritize

them in the

order of mission

criticality.

Did not inventory or

prioritize assets in

the order of mission

criticality. (1)

Inventoried assets but

did not prioritize them

in the order of

mission criticality. (3)

Inventoried, prioritized

assets, but did not address

mission objectives in

their asset priority. (6)

Inventoried, prioritized

assets and addressed

mission objectives in their

asset priority. (10)

Evaluate

enterprise

topology and

perimeter

protection.

Did not evaluate

enterprise topology

and perimeter

protection. (1)

Evaluated enterprise

topology but did not

include perimeter

protection measures.

(3)

Evaluated enterprise

topology, perimeter

protection measures, but

did not address mission

objectives. (6)

Evaluated enterprise

topology, perimeter

protection measures, and

addressed mission

objectives. . (10)

Evaluate remote

access to the

networks.

Did not evaluate

remote access

protocols and

safeguards to the

network. (1)

Evaluated remote

access protocols but

did not address

security safeguards to

the network. (3)

Evaluated remote access

protocols, security

safeguards to the

network, but did not

address mission

objectives. (6)

Evaluated remote access

protocols, security

safeguards to the network,

and addressed mission

objectives. (10)

Evaluate

authentication

protocols and

methodologies.

Did not evaluate

authentication

protocols and

methodologies. (1)

Evaluated

authentication

protocols,

methodologies but

with insufficient data

or inadequate

description. (3)

Evaluated authentication

protocols, methodologies

with supporting data and

description, but lacks

mission objectives. (6)

Evaluated authentication

protocols, methodologies

with supporting data,

description; and addressed

mission objectives. (10)

Assign asset

values to

organization

assets for

quantitative /

qualitative risk

assessment.

Did not assign asset

values to

organization assets

for quantitative /

qualitative risk

assessment. (1)

Assigned asset values

to organization assets

for quantitative /

qualitative risk

assessment but

incomplete. (3)

Assigned asset values to

organization assets in a

complete inventory, but

did not address mission

objectives. (6)

Assigned asset values to

organization assets in a

complete inventory, and

addressed mission

objectives. (10)

Assess

vulnerabilities

on each asset

and impacts if

compromised.

Did not assess

vulnerabilities on

each asset and

impacts if

compromised. (1)

Assessed

vulnerabilities on

each asset and

impacts if

compromised; but

incomplete. (3)

Assessed vulnerabilities

on each asset and impacts

if compromised; of

complete inventory but

did not address mission

objectives. (6)

Assessed vulnerabilities

on each asset and impacts

if compromised; of

complete inventory and

addressed mission

objectives. (10)

Assess risk based

on probability of

compromise and

its impact

discovered on

each asset.

Did not assess risk

based on probability

of compromise and

its impact

discovered on each

asset. (1)

Assessed risk based

on probability and its

impact discovered on

each asset but

incomplete. (3)

Assessed risk based on

probability and its impact

discovered on each asset

but did not summarize

them. (6)

Assessed risk based on

probability and its impact

discovered on each asset

and summarized them.

(10)

Criteria Non-compliant Minimal Compliant Advanced

Recommend risk

mitigation

procedures

commensurate

with asset values.

Did not

recommended risk

mitigation

procedures

commensurate with

asset values. (1)

Recommended risk

mitigation procedures

commensurate with

asset values, but

incomplete. (3)

Recommended risk

mitigation procedures

commensurate with asset

values of complete

inventory, but did not

address mission

objectives. (6)

Recommended risk

mitigation procedures

commensurate with asset

values of complete

inventory, and addressed

mission objectives. (10)

Formulate 15-25

pages of a

quantitative or

qualitative risk

assessment in

APA format.

Did not follow

proper quantitative

or qualitative risk

assessment format,

and failed to

conform to APA

format. (1)

Followed proper

quantitative or

qualitative risk

assessment format but

did not conform to

APA format. (3)

Followed proper

quantitative or qualitative

risk assessment format

and conformed to APA

but insufficient reference

list and page count. (6)

Followed proper

quantitative or qualitative

risk assessment format and

conformed to APA in a

sufficient reference list

and page count. (10)

Executive

summary of risk

assessment.

Did not include an

executive summary.

(1)

Included an executive

summary but lacks

details. (3)

Included an executive

summary in details, but

did not address the

mission objectives. (6)

Included an executive

summary in details, and

addressed mission

objectives. (10)

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