analyze pieces of American Literature 19th to 21st Century American Literature.

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Research Essay Assignment

This assignment asks that you analyze one or more pieces if American Literature from the 1860 to the

Present. You may choose a piece we have discussed in class for this discussion, or you may make your

own choices as long as the primary materials fall into the appropriate category of 19th to 21st Century

American Literature. I would highly recommend speaking with me about your topics as soon as you

have an idea about what you would like to write about. Essays must focus on the literature!

Approaches to consider:

1. Traditional Paper – Examine themes and the way that characters, imagery, irony, or other literary

devices are developed in the piece to depict and imply themes. Know the differences between a

close reading of the plot and an interpretation of the theme. For texts that are not poetry or fiction,

demonstrate how the primary text or texts apply to general concepts of the era or modern times.

2. Current Discussion – This is an examination of the work and how it is relevant to today, to our

situations, problems, etc. Be specific in your analysis, and provide details from current issues to

support your applications. Remember, the paper must always focus it points on the piece of

literature. Do not provide a running list of current situations that are similar. Do not make the

paper about the current issues, either. Make sure that your paper focuses on the primary literature

and how it works the way your paper claims.

3. Historical Analysis – Consider the social, political, or religious events that influenced the writer’s

piece. Apply that information in your paper in order to explain how the piece expresses its

figurative meanings. Consider examining other works during the same period. This is not a

history paper. Your work must be based on the literature. Examine how the historical setting

influenced the piece in the way it expresses its main ideas. Determine if the piece is relevant in

this way.

4. Comparison/Contrast – Discuss how the work relates to or opposes another piece of literature.

Perhaps you could consider the progression or digression of a theme by choosing two works from

different periods of time. This, too, will involve deeper analysis than doing close reading or

comprehensive reading of the basic texts. This could also include more evaluation. Determine

which piece depicts its main purpose more effectively and explain how. This will involve setting

up criteria by which to analyze each piece.


Each essay should be about 7 pages long, and should be written in MLA format (which means you must

document any quotes from the text and include a works cited page). Use 12 point Times New Roman

Font and Double Space your essays. Remember, this is a research paper which means you must use at

least 6 critical sources (4 must be literary criticism).